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Saturday, 27 March 2021


The history of reservation in India is very old. People from different sections of the society have different views on the reservation system. After India's independence in 1947, the Constitution of India listed some earlier groups as Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs). The framers of the Constitution believed that due to the caste system, Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes remained historically backward and were not given respect and equal opportunities in Indian society and hence their share in nation-building activities was low. Due to which reservation was given to people of lower class. What is reservation, when and why it is applicable? Telling you about this in detail on this page.

What is reservation

Meaning of Reservation

Reservation means securing your place. Every person has the desire to secure or keep his place at every place, whether it is for traveling in a train or for his medical treatment in a hospital, whether it is to contest the assembly or Lok Sabha elections or any government department. I got a job in

Article 46 of the constitution provides that the state will take special care of the educational and economic interests of the weaker sections of society, especially the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, and protect them from social injustice and all forms of exploitation. The provision of reservation in educational institutions is made in Article 15 (4) while the provision of reservation in posts and services is made in Articles 16 (4), 16 (4A) and 16 (4B) of the Constitution. Some other provisions have also been included in the Constitution to protect and promote the interests and rights of Scheduled Tribes in various areas, so as to enable them to join the main stream of the nation.

History of Reservation in India (History of Reservation in India |

The history of reservation in India is pre-independence. Reservation in India began in 1882 with the formation of the Hunter Commission. At that time, noted social reformer Mahatma Jyotirao Phule demanded free and compulsory education for all and proportional reservation / representation in British government jobs.

In early 1891, the feudal princely state of Travancore demanded reservations in government jobs, with demonstrations against hiring foreigners by ignoring eligible natives in public service.

In 1901, reservation was started by Shahu Maharaj in Kolhapur, a princely state of Maharashtra. This notification is the first government order to provide reservation for the welfare of the depressed classes in India.

In 1908, reservation was introduced by the British in favor of many castes and communities, which had little share in the administration.

In 1909 and 1919, reservation was made in the Government of India Act.

In 1921, the Madras Presidency issued a caste-based government mandate, with 44 per cent reservation for non-Brahmins, 16 per cent for Brahmins, 16 per cent for Muslims, 16 per cent for Indo-Anglo / Christians and 8 per cent for Scheduled Castes. Arrangements were made.

In 1935, the Indian National Congress passed the resolution, (called the Poona Pact), demanding a separate constituency for the underprivileged.

A provision for reservation was made in the Government of India Act of 1935.

In 1942, Bharat Ratna BR Ambedkar founded the All India Depressed Classes Federation to support the advancement of Scheduled Castes, he demanded reservation for Scheduled Castes in the field of government services and education.

Proportional representation was proposed in the 1946 Cabinet Mission Resolution along with several other recommendations.

The Constitution of India came into force on 26 January 1950. The Indian Constitution provides special clauses in the constitution for the advancement of socially and educationally backward classes or Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, providing equal opportunities for all citizens. Apart from this, separate constituencies were allotted for Scheduled Castes and Tribes to ensure their political representation for 10 years. (These are increased after every ten years through constitutional amendment).

In 1953, the Kalelkar Commission was formed to assess the status of socially and educationally backward classes. The report on the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes submitted by this Commission was accepted, but the recommendations made for the Other Backward Castes (OBC) were rejected.

The Mandal Commission was established in 1979 to assess the status of socially and educationally backward classes. This Commission had no accurate data about the Other Backward Classes (OBC) and this Commission classified 1,257 communities as backward class, using the 1930 Census data to evaluate 52% of the OBC population. Was

In 1980, the Mandal Commission submitted a report and recommended changing the then quota to increase it from 22% to 5%. By 2006, the number of castes in the list of backward castes reached 2297, which was in the community list prepared by the Mandal Commission.

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